|UFO Phenomena and the Behavioral Scientist
Dr. Richard F. Haines
A classic offered online as a free E-book by NICAP - The National Investigations Committee on Aerial
"What Okham Really Said"
Dr. Jacques Vallee
A direct and surprising examination of the original perspective of Franciscan monk William of Okham as it applies
to the often-referred to dictum known as "Occam's Razor" by NARCAP Executive Advisory Committee member
Dr. Jacques Vallee.
Unidentified Aerial Phenomena in the UK Air Defence Region (UKMOD)
During a policy review in 1996 into the handling of Unidentified Aerial Phenomena sighting reports received by
the Ministry of Defence, a study was undertaken to determine the potential value, if any, of such reports to
Defence Intelligence. Consistent with Ministry of Defence policy, the available data was studied principally to
ascertain whether there is any evidence of a threat to the UK, and secondly, should the opportunity arise, to
identify any potential military technologies of interest.
This is a comprehensive document reviewing many aspects of the UAP matter from the UK Gov perspective.
While the conclusions are startling, the document states quite matter-of-factly "That UAP exist is indisputable....
and probably represent a threat to safe aviation...". The document is less clear regarding the cause and
mechanism behind UAP manifestations, offering that these UAP are likely "plasmas" without any substantial
science to support those conclusions. The simple fact is that UAP are unidentified phenomena that remain
unidentified after examination by those most qualified to provide an explanation.
Inflation Theory Implications for Extraterrestrial Visitation
Deardorff, Haisch, Maccabee and Puthoff, 2005
This study follows up on previous arguments that (1) interstellar travel for advanced civilizations is not a priori
ruled out by physical principles and therefore may be practicable, and (2) such advanced civilisations may value
the search for knowledge from uncontaminated species more than direct, interspecies communication,thereby
accounting for apparent covertness regarding their presence.
Incommensurability, Orthodoxy and the Physics of High Strangeness: A 6-layer Model for Anomalous
Dr. Jacques Vallee and Eric Davis
The current SETI paradigm and its “assumption of mediocrity” place restrictions on forms of non-human
intelligence that may be researched. A similar bias exists in the ufologists’ often-stated hypothesis that UAP, if
real, must represent space visitors. Observing that both models are biased by anthropomorphism, the authors
attempt to clarify the issues surrounding “high strangeness” observations by distinguishing six layers of
information that can be derived from UAP events, namely (1) physical manifestations, (2) anti-physical effects,
(3) psychological factors, (4) physiological factors, (5) psychic effects and (6) cultural effects. In a further step
they propose a framework for scientific analysis of unidentified aerial phenomena that takes into account the
Why Some Pilots and Air Traffic Controllers Don't See UAP.
NARCAP National Technical Specialist, Jim McClenahen, a retired air traffic control specialist, offers an air
traffic controller's perspective on a UAP report.
The COMETA Report Part 1
The COMETA Report is a unique document prepared by a group of current and former French military officers,
government officials and defense specialists to address the issue of unidentified aerial phenomena including UFO.
While NARCAP refers the reader to the authors with respect to the overall motives and conclusions of the report,
this document is particularly relevent to the NARCAP mission with respect to the emphasis on aviation reports
involving aviation related encounters with unidentified phenomena. The reader is encouraged to pay particular
attention to the aviation related data and statistics, much of it compiled through the efforts of NARCAP Advisor
Dominique Weinstein and CNES-SEPRA Director JJ Valesco.
UFO Critique: UFOs, Social Intelligence, and the Condon Committee
Diana Palmer Hoyt, April 2000
Science in Default: Twenty Two Years of Inadequate UFO Investigations
James E. McDonald, Ph.D. Professor of Atmospheric Science, University of Arizona, Tuscon, Arizona, 134th
meeting of The American Society for the December 1969
Why Don't Pilots See UFOs?
James E. McDonald, Ph.D. Professor of Atmospheric Science, University of Arizona, Tuscon, Arizona,
presented to the House Subcommittee on Science and Aeronautics, 1968 Symposium on UFOs.
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Statement on UFOs
AIAA UFO Subcommittee, Astronautics and Aeronautics, December 1968, p. 12
Lightning Phenomena, Sprites, Blue Jets and Elves:
Sprites, Blue Jets, and Elves: Optical Evidence of
Energy Transport Across the Stratopause
Matthew J Heavner, Davis D. Sentman, Dana R. Moudry, and Eugene M. Wescott - Geophysical Institute,
University of Alaska Fairbanks - Carl L. Siefring and Jeff S. Morrill- Naval Research Laboratory - Eric J.
Bucsela- Raytheon ITSS
(You may have to cut and paste this URL into the Address line of your browser)
Study explains the mystery of ball lightning
"Led by CSIRO scientist John Lowke, the new theory focuses on how ball lightning occurs in houses and
aeroplanes – and how it can pass through glass. His theory also proposes that ball lightning is caused when
leftover ions (electric energy), which are very dense, are swept to the ground following a lightning strike."
Plasma Cosmology and Extreme Ball Lightning
Wallace Thornhill, Holoscience.com
"Dr. VanDevender does not consider ball lightning as "just entertainment." He has launched into what he calls
"High Risk Research at the Boundary of Denial and Superstition." His interest focuses on "Extreme Ball
Lightning." The term "extreme" distinguishes it from ordinary ball lightning, which lasts less than 10 seconds
and is benign. ..."
Ball lightning may sometimes be explained as hallucinations
(PhysOrg.com) -- An Australian scientist studying photographs of fireballs, UFO sightings and a report of a
strange green light in the sky suggests some UFOs may be ball lightning caused by fireball meteors.
Atmospheric Phenomena: Unknown
Earthlights, Anomalous Light Phenomena, etc....
Hessdalen, Norway - Erling Strand and Massimo Teodorani
For continuing information on the research that is taking place at Hessdalen, Norway.
Anomalous Light Phenomena
The joint Norwegian and Italian team undertaking research into Earthlights and related phenomena.
Probable Role of Plasma Instabilities in Anomalous High Altitude Luminosity (AHAL) Observed in
Meteors and SpaceVehicle Re-entries
By Andrei Yu. Olkhovatov
Aviation: Avionics Systems
TCAS Development and the Federal Role-Part 1
TCAS Development and the Federal Role-Part 2
Operation of TCASII in Level-Bust Encounters
John Law, ACAS Programme Manager, EuroControl
8/9 October 2002
Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS II)
Australian Civil Aviation Authority, 2002
Potential Co-operations Between TCAS and the ASAS
An Abeloos, Max Mulder, Rene van Paassen, Deft University, Netherlands
Eric Hoffman, EuroControl Experimental Center
Aviation: Cockpit Resource Management (CRM)
CAP720 - Flight Crew Training: Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) and Line Oriented Flight
(previously ICAO Digest 2) Civil Aviation Authority of the United Kingdom, Safety Regulation Group: www.
The Evolution of Crew Resource Management Training in Commercial Aviation
by Robert L. Helmriech, Ashliegh C. Merrit, and John A. Wilhelm, Department of Psychology, Aerospace Crew
Research Project, University of Texas at Austin
Aviation: Electromagnetic Interference
A Study of Occurrence Rates of Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) to Aircraft With a Focus on HIRF
(External) High Intensity Radiated Fields
by Martin L. Shooman, Polytechnic University, Farmingdale, New York dates April 1994 (Grant NAG1-1272).
NASA Contractor Report
An Investigation of EME as a Potential Cause of Fuel Tank Ignition
Jay J. Ely, Truong X Nguyen, Kenneth L. Dudley, Stephen A. Scearce, Fred Beck, Monohar D. Dashpande and
C. R. Cockrell; NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia
Investigation of Mechanisms of Potential Aircraft Fuel Tank Vent Fires and Explosions Caused by
by M e l v i n G e r s t e i n
Electronic Systems Failures and Anomalies Attributed to Electromagnetic Interference
R.D. Leach and M.B. Alexander, Editor, NASA Reference Publication 1374
Disruptive Effects of Electromagnetic Interference on Communication and Electronic Systems
James Burrel, School of Information Technology and Engineering, George Mason University,
The Interaction of Lightning with Airborne Vehicles
M.A. Uman, V.A. Rakov, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Florida,
Gainseville, FL 32611, USA as it appeared in: Progress in Aerospace Sciences 39 (2003) 61-81 www.elsevier.
Protection of Aircraft Fuel Systems Against Fuel Vapor Ignition Due to Lightning
Lightning Task Group of EEHWG, 22July 1995
Electromagnetic Interference with Aircraft Systems: why worry?
Peter B. Ladkin with colleagues, 11 July 1997, modified 20 October 1997
ASRS Database Report Set: Passenger Electronic Devices
A sampling of reports to the Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) referencing incidents involving
passenger electronic devices.
Aviation: Human Factors
Analysis of Mid-Air Collisions in Civil Aviation
Narinder Taneja and Douglas A. Wiegmann University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Aviation Human
Factors Division Savoy, Illinois
Human Factors in Fatal Aircraft Accidents
Department of Transport and Regional Development, Bureau of Air Safety Investigation, April 1996
Loss of Separation - Risk Assessment
IBC "Aviation Safety Management" London 20-21 May 1999
Edward Smith, Robin Pitbaldo (DNV), Roland Rawlings, Mike Perry (EuroControl)
Human Factors Analysis and Classification Sytem(HFACS) A Human Error Approach to Accident
Shappel and Weigmann
Aviation: Visual Illusions
The Eye and Night Vision
(This article has been adapted from the excellent USAF Special Report, AL-SR-1992-0002, "Night Vision
Manual for the Flight Surgeon", written by Robert E. Miller II, Col, USAF, (RET) and Thomas J. Tredici, Col,
USAF, (RET)) and appears on the website of the American Optometric Association: http://www.aoanet.org
United States Naval Flight Surgeon's Manual: Third Edition 1991: Chapter 9: Ophthalmology, Naval Aerospace Medical Institute
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